# 3.19 OAuth2

Knife4j提供的OAuth2认证功能相对于原生SwaggerUi来说使用起来更加方便,因此也归为增强属性一类。至少从交互上而言。

Knife4j自2.0.6版本开始添加对OAuth2的认证支持

目前支持的OAuth2模式包括:简化模式(implicit)、授权码模式(authorization_code)、密码模式(password)、客户端模式(client_credentials)

# 3.19.1 简化模式(implicit)

简化模式(implicit)在Knife4j中界面显示效果如下(点击左侧菜单Authorize查看):

简化模式(implicit)需要配置Knife4j提供的OAuth2的回调地址,回调页面位于knife4j-spring-ui.jar

资源目录:webjars/oauth/oauth2.html

因此,需要在服务端配置该回调地址,Spring Security OAuth2示例代码如下:

@Override
public void configure(ClientDetailsServiceConfigurer clients) throws Exception {
    //简化模式(implicit)
    clients.inMemory()
        .withClient("app1").secret("123")
            .authorizedGrantTypes("implicit")
            .redirectUris(\"http://192.168.1.10:8080/webjars/oauth/oauth2.html")
            .scopes("read","write","reads","writes");
}

界面效果如下:

使用者直接输入clientId,点击授权,此时进行调整授权界面,开发者授权即可

注意:当点击按钮Authorize授权后,如果授权成功,接下来点击其余的接口进行调试时,在请求头会存在参数Authorization,如何在未授权之前打开了接口,则需要在授权后关闭该接口的Tab,然后重新打开

创建Swagger的授权配置示例代码:

点击查看代码
@Bean(value = "defaultApi2")
public Docket defaultApi2() {
    //schema
    List<GrantType> grantTypes=new ArrayList<>();
    //简单模式implicit
    ImplicitGrant implicitGrant=new ImplicitGrant(new LoginEndpoint("http://localhost:8999/oauth/authorize"),"access_token");
    grantTypes.add(implicitGrant);

    OAuth oAuth=new OAuthBuilder().name("oauth2")
            .grantTypes(grantTypes).build();
    //context
    //scope方位
    List<AuthorizationScope> scopes=new ArrayList<>();
    scopes.add(new AuthorizationScope("read","read all resources"));
    SecurityReference securityReference=new SecurityReference("oauth2",scopes.toArray(new AuthorizationScope[]{}));
    SecurityContext securityContext=new SecurityContext(CollectionUtil.newArrayList(securityReference),PathSelectors.ant("/api/**"));
    //schemas
    List<SecurityScheme> securitySchemes=CollectionUtil.newArrayList(oAuth);
    //securyContext
    List<SecurityContext> securityContexts=CollectionUtil.newArrayList(securityContext);

    String groupName="2.X版本";
    Docket docket=new Docket(DocumentationType.SWAGGER_2)
            .host("https://www.baidu.com")
            .apiInfo(apiInfo())
            .groupName(groupName)
            .select()
            .apis(RequestHandlerSelectors.basePackage("com.swagger.bootstrap.ui.demo.new2"))
            .paths(PathSelectors.any())
            .build()
            .securityContexts(securityContexts).securitySchemes(securitySchemes);
    return docket;
}

# 3.19.2 授权码模式(authorization_code)

授权码模式(authorization_code)在Knife4j中界面显示效果如下(点击左侧菜单Authorize查看):

授权码模式(authorization_code)需要配置Knife4j提供的OAuth2的回调地址,回调页面位于knife4j-spring-ui.jar

资源目录:webjars/oauth/oauth2.html

因此,需要在服务端配置该回调地址,Spring Security OAuth2示例代码如下:

@Override
public void configure(ClientDetailsServiceConfigurer clients) throws Exception {
    //授权码模式(authorization code)
    clients.inMemory()
        .withClient("app1").secret("123")
            .authorizedGrantTypes("authorization_code")
            .redirectUris(\"http://192.168.1.10:8080/webjars/oauth/oauth2.html")
            .scopes("read","write","reads","writes");
}

界面效果如下:

使用者直接输入clientIdclientSecret后,点击授权,此时进行调整授权界面,开发者授权即可

注意:当点击按钮Authorize授权后,如果授权成功,接下来点击其余的接口进行调试时,在请求头会存在参数Authorization,如何在未授权之前打开了接口,则需要在授权后关闭该接口的Tab,然后重新打开

创建Swagger的授权配置示例代码:

点击查看代码
@Bean(value = "defaultApi2")
public Docket defaultApi2() {
    //schema
    List<GrantType> grantTypes=new ArrayList<>();
    //授权码模式AuthorizationCodeGrant
    TokenRequestEndpoint tokenRequestEndpoint=new TokenRequestEndpoint("http://localhost:8999/oauth/authorize","app1","123");
    TokenEndpoint tokenEndpoint=new TokenEndpoint("http://192.168.1.10:8080/oauth/token","access_token");
    AuthorizationCodeGrant authorizationCodeGrant=new AuthorizationCodeGrant(tokenRequestEndpoint,tokenEndpoint);
    grantTypes.add(authorizationCodeGrant);

    OAuth oAuth=new OAuthBuilder().name("oauth2")
            .grantTypes(grantTypes).build();
    //context
    //scope方位
    List<AuthorizationScope> scopes=new ArrayList<>();
    scopes.add(new AuthorizationScope("read","read all resources"));
    SecurityReference securityReference=new SecurityReference("oauth2",scopes.toArray(new AuthorizationScope[]{}));
    SecurityContext securityContext=new SecurityContext(CollectionUtil.newArrayList(securityReference),PathSelectors.ant("/api/**"));
    //schemas
    List<SecurityScheme> securitySchemes=CollectionUtil.newArrayList(oAuth);
    //securyContext
    List<SecurityContext> securityContexts=CollectionUtil.newArrayList(securityContext);

    String groupName="2.X版本";
    Docket docket=new Docket(DocumentationType.SWAGGER_2)
            .host("https://www.baidu.com")
            .apiInfo(apiInfo())
            .groupName(groupName)
            .select()
            .apis(RequestHandlerSelectors.basePackage("com.swagger.bootstrap.ui.demo.new2"))
            .paths(PathSelectors.any())
            .build()
            .securityContexts(securityContexts).securitySchemes(securitySchemes);
    return docket;
}

# 3.19.3 客户端模式(client_credentials)

客户端模式(client_credentials)在Knife4j中界面显示效果如下(点击左侧菜单Authorize查看):

界面效果如下:

使用者直接输入clientIdclientSecret后,点击授权即可

注意:当点击按钮Authorize授权后,如果授权成功,接下来点击其余的接口进行调试时,在请求头会存在参数Authorization,如何在未授权之前打开了接口,则需要在授权后关闭该接口的Tab,然后重新打开

创建Swagger的授权配置示例代码:

点击查看代码
@Bean(value = "defaultApi2")
public Docket defaultApi2() {
    //schema
    List<GrantType> grantTypes=new ArrayList<>();
    //客户端模式(client credentials)
    String clientTokenUrl="http://192.168.1.10:8080/oauth/token";
    ClientCredentialsGrant clientCredentialsGrant=new ClientCredentialsGrant(clientTokenUrl);
    grantTypes.add(clientCredentialsGrant);


    OAuth oAuth=new OAuthBuilder().name("oauth2")
            .grantTypes(grantTypes).build();
    //context
    //scope方位
    List<AuthorizationScope> scopes=new ArrayList<>();
    scopes.add(new AuthorizationScope("read","read all resources"));
    SecurityReference securityReference=new SecurityReference("oauth2",scopes.toArray(new AuthorizationScope[]{}));
    SecurityContext securityContext=new SecurityContext(CollectionUtil.newArrayList(securityReference),PathSelectors.ant("/api/**"));
    //schemas
    List<SecurityScheme> securitySchemes=CollectionUtil.newArrayList(oAuth);
    //securyContext
    List<SecurityContext> securityContexts=CollectionUtil.newArrayList(securityContext);

    String groupName="2.X版本";
    Docket docket=new Docket(DocumentationType.SWAGGER_2)
            .host("https://www.baidu.com")
            .apiInfo(apiInfo())
            .groupName(groupName)
            .select()
            .apis(RequestHandlerSelectors.basePackage("com.swagger.bootstrap.ui.demo.new2"))
            .paths(PathSelectors.any())
            .build()
            .securityContexts(securityContexts).securitySchemes(securitySchemes);
    return docket;
}

# 3.19.4 密码模式(password)

密码模式(password)在Knife4j中界面显示效果如下(点击左侧菜单Authorize查看):

界面效果如下:

使用者直接输入username,password,clientIdclientSecret后,点击授权即可

注意:当点击按钮Authorize授权后,如果授权成功,接下来点击其余的接口进行调试时,在请求头会存在参数Authorization,如何在未授权之前打开了接口,则需要在授权后关闭该接口的Tab,然后重新打开

创建Swagger的授权配置示例代码:

点击查看代码
@Bean(value = "defaultApi2")
public Docket defaultApi2() {
    //schema
    List<GrantType> grantTypes=new ArrayList<>();
    //密码模式
    String passwordTokenUrl="http://192.168.1.10:8080/oauth/token";
    ResourceOwnerPasswordCredentialsGrant resourceOwnerPasswordCredentialsGrant=new ResourceOwnerPasswordCredentialsGrant(passwordTokenUrl);
    grantTypes.add(resourceOwnerPasswordCredentialsGrant);

    OAuth oAuth=new OAuthBuilder().name("oauth2")
            .grantTypes(grantTypes).build();
    //context
    //scope方位
    List<AuthorizationScope> scopes=new ArrayList<>();
    scopes.add(new AuthorizationScope("read","read all resources"));
    SecurityReference securityReference=new SecurityReference("oauth2",scopes.toArray(new AuthorizationScope[]{}));
    SecurityContext securityContext=new SecurityContext(CollectionUtil.newArrayList(securityReference),PathSelectors.ant("/api/**"));
    //schemas
    List<SecurityScheme> securitySchemes=CollectionUtil.newArrayList(oAuth);
    //securyContext
    List<SecurityContext> securityContexts=CollectionUtil.newArrayList(securityContext);

    String groupName="2.X版本";
    Docket docket=new Docket(DocumentationType.SWAGGER_2)
            .host("https://www.baidu.com")
            .apiInfo(apiInfo())
            .groupName(groupName)
            .select()
            .apis(RequestHandlerSelectors.basePackage("com.swagger.bootstrap.ui.demo.new2"))
            .paths(PathSelectors.any())
            .build()
            .securityContexts(securityContexts).securitySchemes(securitySchemes);
    return docket;
}
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上次更新: 2020-11-6 21:52:42
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